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Cancer in Teens

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WHAT IS CANCER

The word cancer actually encompasses many diseases, not one. In fact, there are more than 100 types of diseases known collectively as cancer. What they all have in common is the uncontrollable growth and division of cells, tiny units that make up all living things.

Normal body cells cultivate and divide over a period of time until they eventually die. But cancerous cells continue to grow and divide infinitely. Eventually, they gather to form tumours. Tumours are lumps that can interfere with the body's normal processes. Sometimes cells from a tumour break away and spread to a different tissue or organ. This is called metastasis.

As terrifying as all this sounds, most cancers can be treated and controlled, if detected early. Thus, many people with cancer can recover to lead normal lives.

CAUSES OF CANCER

No one really knows why cancer grows in specific people. Scientists and researchers are working to learn why some people get cancer and others do not. Inevitably, a …